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Gewählte Publikation:

Battistuzzi, G; Bellei, M; Vlasits, J; Banerjee, S; Furtmüller, PG; Sola, M; Obinger, C.
(2010): Redox thermodynamics of lactoperoxidase and eosinophil peroxidase.
Arch Biochem Biophys. 2010; 494(1):72-77 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) and lactoperoxidase (LPO) are important constituents of the innate immune system of mammals. These heme enzymes belong to the peroxidase-cyclooxygenase superfamily and catalyze the oxidation of thiocyanate, bromide and nitrite to hypothiocyanate, hypobromous acid and nitrogen dioxide that are toxic for invading pathogens. in order to gain a better understanding of the observed differences in Substrate specificity and oxidation capacity in relation to heme and protein structure, a comprehensive spectro-electrochemical investigation was performed. The reduction potential (E-or) of the Fe(III)/Fe(II) Couple of EPO and LPO was determined to be -126 mV and -176 mV, respectively (25 degrees C, pH 7.0). Variable temperature experiments show that EPO and LPO feature different reduction thermodynamics. In particular, reduction of ferric EPO is enthalpically and entropically disfavored, whereas in LPO the entropic term, which selectively stabilizes the oxidized form, prevails on the enthalpic term that favors reduction of Fe(III). The data are discussed with respect to the architecture of the heme cavity and the substrate channel. Comparison with published data for myeloperoxidase demonstrates the effect of heme to protein linkages and heme distortion oil the redox chemistry of mammalian peroxidases and in consequence on the enzymatic properties of these physiologically important oxidoreductases. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Banerjee Srijib
Furtmüller Paul Georg
Obinger Christian
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Cattle -
Eosinophils - enzymology
Humans -
Iron - metabolism
Lactoperoxidase - chemistry
Models, Molecular -
Oxidation-Reduction -
Peroxidases - chemistry
Protein Conformation -
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet -
Substrate Specificity -
Thermodynamics -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Lactoperoxidase
Eosinophil peroxidase
Reduction potential
Redox thermodynamics
Enthalpy
Entropy
Heme cavity
Channel architecture


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