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Gewählte Publikation:

Todorovic, GR; Stemmer, M; Tatzber, M; Katzlberger, C; Spiegel, H; Zehetner, F; Gerzabek, MH.
(2010): Soil-carbon turnover under different crop management: Evaluation of RothC-model predictions under Pannonian climate conditions
J PLANT NUTR SOIL SCI. 2010; 173(5): 662-670. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Despite the importance of soil organic matter (SOM), very few long-term data concerning soil organic-C dynamics are available for calibrating and evaluating C models. The long-term C-14-turnover field experiment, established in 1967 in Fuchsenbigl, Lower Austria, offers the unique opportunity to follow the fate of labeled C under different crop-management systems (bare fallow, spring wheat, crop rotation) over a period of more than 35 y. Compared with the crop-rotation and spring wheat treatments, the decline of total organic C was largest in the bare-fallow treatments, because no significant C input has occurred since 1967. Nonetheless, the decline was not as fast as predicted with the original RothC-26.3-model decomposition rate constants. In this work, we therefore calibrated the Roth-C-26.3 model for the Pannonian climatic region based on the field-experiment results. The main adjustment was in the decomposition rate constant for the humified soil C pool (HUM), which was set to 0.009 instead of 0.02 y(-1) as determined in the original Rothamsted field trial. This resulted in a higher HUM pool in the calibrated model because of a longer turnover period (111 vs. 50 y) The modeled output based on the calibrated model fitted better to measured values than output obtained with the original Roth-C26.3-model parameters. Additionally, the original decomposition rate constant for resistant plant material (RPM) was changed from 0.3 to 0.6 y(-1) to describe the decomposition of C-14-labeled straw more accurately Application of the calibrated model (modified HUM decomposition rate) to simulate removal of crop residues showed that this can entail a long-term decline of SOM. However, these impacts are strongly dependent on the crop types and on environmental conditions at a given location
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Gerzabek Martin
Rampazzo Todorovic Gorana
Tatzber Michael
Zehetner Franz

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
decomposition rate constants
model calibration
soil organic carbon
soil carbon pools
soil organic matter
Roth-C-26 3 model


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