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Gewählte Publikation:

Koeck, A; Heringstad, B; Egger-Danner, C; Fuerst, C; Winter, P; Fuerst-Waltl, B; .
(2010): Genetic analysis of clinical mastitis and somatic cell count traits in Austrian Fleckvieh cows.
J Dairy Sci. 2010; 93(12):5987-5995 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The objectives of this study were to investigate genetic associations between clinical mastitis (CM) and different somatic cell count traits, and to examine their relationships, in terms of estimated breeding values, with other traits that are routinely evaluated in Austrian Fleckvieh dual-purpose cows. Records on veterinary treatments of CM were available from the Austrian health-monitoring project. For CM, 3 intervals in early lactation were considered: -10 to 50 d, 51 to 150 d, and -10 to 150 d after calving. Within each interval, absence or presence of CM was scored as 1 or 0 based on whether or not the cow had recorded at least one veterinary treatment of CM. The average somatic cell score of the first 2 test-days after calving was defined as early lactation average somatic cell score, and lactation mean somatic cell score was the average of all test-day somatic cell scores from 8 to 305 d after calving. Subclinical mastitis was expressed as a binary trait based on prolonged elevated somatic cell counts. If somatic cell counts on 3 consecutive test-days in the interval from 8 to 305 d after calving were above 200,000 cells/mL, the binary variable subclinical mastitis was defined as 1 and otherwise 0. Records of Austrian Fleckvieh cows, with calving from January 1, 2007, to February 28, 2009, were analyzed using univariate and bivariate sire models. Threshold liability models were applied for binary traits, and Gaussian models were used for early lactation average somatic cell score and lactation mean somatic cell score. A Bayesian approach using Gibbs sampling was applied for genetic analyses. Posterior means of heritability of liability to CM were 0.06 and 0.02 in the first and second interval, respectively, and 0.05 in the full period (-10 to 150 d). Heritability estimates of somatic cell count traits were higher (0.09 to 0.13). The posterior mean of the genetic correlation between CM in lactation period 1 (-10 to 50 d after calving) and 2 (51 to 150 d after calving) was close to unity. Posterior means of genetic correlations between CM and somatic cell count traits ranged from 0.64 to 0.77. Because CM and somatic cell count describe different aspects of udder health, information on both traits should be considered for selection of bulls. Correlations of sire breeding values revealed that especially the udder conformation trait udder depth may be useful as additional information to reduce both CM and somatic cell count.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Fürst-Waltl Birgit
Köck Astrid
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals;Austria;Breeding;Cattle/genetics*;Cell Count/veterinary;Female;Genetic Predisposition to Disease*;Lactation/genetics;Male;Mammary Glands, Animal/anatomy & histology;Mammary Glands, Animal/physiology;Mastitis, Bovine/genetics*;Milk/cytology*;Selection, Genetic;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
clinical mastitis
somatic cell count
genetic correlation
dairy cattle


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