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Gewählte Publikation:

Foissner, W; Berger, H; Xu, K; Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S.
(2005): A huge, undescribed soil ciliate (Protozoa : Ciliophora) diversity in natural forest stands of Central Europe
BIODIVERS CONSERV. 2005; 14(3): 617-701. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
We investigated 12 natural forest stands in eastern Austria for soil ciliate diversity, viz., eight beech forests and two lowland and Pinus nigra forests each. The stands span a wide range of climatic (e.g., 543-1759 mm precipitation, 160-1035 m above sea-level) and abiotic (e.g., pH 4-7.4) factors. Samples were taken twice in autumn and late spring and analysed with the non-flooded Petri dish method. Species were identified in vivo, in silver preparations, and in the scanning electron microscope. A total of 233 species were found, of which 30 were undescribed, a surprising number showing our ignorance of soil ciliate diversity, even in Central Europe. Species number varied highly from 45 (acidic beech on silicate) to 120 (floodplain forest) and was strongly correlated with pH and overall habitat quality, as measured by climate, the C/P quotient (ratio of r-selected colpodean and k-selected polyhymenophorean ciliates), and the proportion of mycophagous ciliate species; multivariate analysis showed further important variables, viz., the general nutrient status (glucose, nitrogen, C/ N ratio) and microbial (urease) activity. The highest species number occurred in one of the two floodplain soils, supporting the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. The three main forest types could be clearly distinguished by their ciliate communities, using similarity indices and multidimensional scaling. Individual numbers varied highly from 135(-1) (lowland forest) to 10,925 ml(-1) (beech on silicate) soil percolate and showed, interestingly, a weak correlation with soil protozoan phospholipid fatty acids. Eight of the 30 new species found and a forgotten species, Arcuospathidium coemeterii (Kahl 1943) nov. comb., are described in detail, as examples of how species were recognized and soil protozoan diversity should be analyzed: Latispathidium truncatum bimicronucleatum, Protospathidium fusioplites, Erimophrya sylvatica, E. quadrinucleata, Paragonostomum simplex, Periholosticha paucicirrata, P. sylvatica, and Australocirrus zechmeisterae.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Zechmeister-Boltenstern Sophie
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
biodiversity
community structure
deciduous forests
intermediate disturbance hypothesis
new species
Pinus nigra forests
soil protozoa
undisturbed temperate forests


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