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Gewählte Publikation:

Pilz, C; Enkerli, J; Wegensteiner, R; Keller, S.
(2011): Establishment and persistence of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae in maize fields
J APPL ENTOMOL. 2011; 135(6): 393-403. FullText FullText_BOKU

The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) was applied in maize fields to control the Western Corn Rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Establishment and persistence of two strains of M. anisopliae were investigated after application as 'fungal colonized barley kernels' (FCBK) into the soil and as a spore suspension on maize leaves and on the soil surface in 2006 and 2007 at two locations in Hungary. The applied fungal strains were able to establish at both locations and a long-term persistence of at least 15 months could be recorded in the soil. A positive correlation between density of colony forming units (CFU) in the soil and the soil inhabiting stages of the host insect D. v. virgifera could be found. M. anisopliae spores applied on maize leaves were able to survive for no longer than 3 days after application, whereas on the soil surface a noticeably increase of fungus densities were found after treatments. Molecular markers were used to identify the applied M. anisopliae strains before and after application of FCBK into the soil of the maize field.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Wegensteiner Rudolf

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Diabrotica virgifera virgifera
biological control
entomopathogenic fungus

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