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Gewählte Publikation:

Mylona, K; Sulyok, M; Magan, N.
(2012): Relationship between environmental factors, dry matter loss and mycotoxin levels in stored wheat and maize infected with Fusarium species
FOOD ADDIT CONTAM A. 2012; 29(7): 1118-1128. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
This study examined the relationship between storage environmental factors (water activity (a(w)) (0.89-0.97) and temperature (15 degrees C-30 degrees C)), colonisation of wheat and maize by Fusarium graminearum and F. verticillioides respectively and the dry matter losses (DMLs) caused and quantified by contamination with deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEA) and fumonisins (FUMs) during storage. Fungal growth was assessed by the amount of CO2 produced under different interacting conditions of a(w) and temperature. DMLs were quantified using the cumulative CO2 data, and these were shown to increase as temperature and a(w) increased. The amount of DON, ZEA (wheat for human consumption) and FUMs (feed maize) produced was significantly affected by the storage conditions. The three toxins however showed different patterns of production. Optimum for DON was at the wettest conditions (0.97a(w)) and the highest temperature assessed (30 degrees C), whereas for ZEA this shifted to 25 degrees C. FUMs were produced in higher amounts in maize at 30 degrees C and 0.97a(w); however, at intermediate a(w) levels (0.955a(w)), the highest production occurred at 25 degrees C followed by 20 degrees C. Polynomial models were developed for the effect of the storage factors on DMLs and toxin production. DMLs under different environmental conditions were significantly correlated with DON and FUMs. DON contamination was above the EU limits in at least 80% of the wheat samples with DMLs 41%, whereas at least 70% of the same samples contained ZEA above the respective EU legislative limits. Similarly, at least 75% of the maize samples with DMLs >= 0.9% exceeded the EU limits for the sum of FUMs in feed. These results show that it may be possible to use temporal CO2 production during storage of grains as an indicator of the level of contamination of the grain with mycotoxins.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Sulyok Michael
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
respiration
dry matter loss
Fusarium graminearum
F. verticillioides
water activity
temperature
grain storage
deoxynivalenol
zearalenone
fumonisins
mycotoxins
EU legislative limits


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