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Gewählte Publikation:

Szukics, U; Hackl, E; Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S; Sessitsch, A.
(2012): Rapid and dissimilar response of ammonia oxidizing archaea and bacteria to nitrogen and water amendment in two temperate forest soils.
Microbiol Res. 2012; 167(2):103-109 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Biochemical processes relevant to soil nitrogen (N) cycling are performed by soil microorganisms affiliated with diverse phylogenetic groups. For example, the oxidation of ammonia, representing the first step of nitrification, can be performed by ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and, as recently reported, also by ammonia oxidizing archaea (AOA). However, the contribution to ammonia oxidation of the phylogenetically separated AOA versus AOB and their respective responsiveness to environmental factors are still poorly understood. The present study aims at comparing the capacity of AOA and AOB to momentarily respond to N input and increased soil moisture in two contrasting forest soils. Soils from the pristine Rothwald forest and the managed Schottenwald forest were amended with either NH4+-N or NO3--N and were incubated at 40% and 70% water-filled pore space (WFPS) for four days. Nitrification rates were measured and AOA and AOB abundance and community composition were determined via quantitative PCR (qPCR) and terminal restriction length fragment polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis of bacterial and archaeal amoA genes. Our study reports rapid and distinct changes in AOA and AOB abundances in the two forest soils in response to N input and increased soil moisture but no significant effects on net nitrification rates. Functional microbial communities differed significantly in the two soils and responded specifically to the treatments during the short-term incubation. In the Rothwald soil the abundance and community composition of AOA were affected by the water content, whereas AOB communities responded to N amendment. In the Schottenwald soil, by contrast, AOA responded to N addition. These results suggest that AOA and AOB may be selectively influenced by soil and management factors. (C) 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Zechmeister-Boltenstern Sophie
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Ammonia - metabolism
Archaea - metabolism
Bacteria - metabolism
Biota -
DNA Fingerprinting -
DNA, Archaeal - genetics
DNA, Bacterial - genetics
Nitrates - metabolism
Nitrification -
Nitrogen - metabolism
Oxidation-Reduction -
Oxidoreductases - genetics
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length -
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction -
Soil Microbiology -
Trees -
Water - metabolism

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
AOA
AOB
amoA
Nitrification
Nitrogen amendment
Soil moisture
Forest soil


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