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Gewählte Publikation:

Pink, T., Langer, K., Hotzy, C., Sara, M..
(1996): Regulation of S-layer protein synthesis from Bacillus stearothermophilus PV72 through variation of continuous cultivation conditions.
J. Biotechnol., 50, 189-200

The crystalline cell surface layer (S-layer) of Bacillus stearothermophilus PV72 shows hexagonal lattice symmetry and is composed of a single protein species with a molecular weight of 130 000. For investigating the regulation of S-layer protein synthesis, Bacillus stearothermophilus PV72 was grown in continuous culture on synthetic PVIII-medium with glucose as carbon source at constant dilution rate of 0.3 h(-1) at 57 degrees C under different conditions and limitations. A complete outer S-layer and an S-layer protein pool sufficient for formation of about 70% inner S-layer was produced under carbon-limited growth. The inner S-layer results from an S-layer protein pool stored in the peptidoglycan-containing layer of whole cells which can emerge and assemble on the inner face of the rigid cell wall layer during the cell wall preparation procedure. Under oxygen-limited growth, only a complete outer S-layer but no S-layer protein pool was synthesized. Reduction of the methionine concentration of PVIII-medium from 100 to 10 mg l(-1) led to a clear decrease in S-layer protein production and to an incomplete outer S-layer. During growth in the presence of excess glucose, S-layer protein synthesis was replaced by that of an exopolysaccharide matrix. After changing to carbon limitation again, the original level of S-layer protein synthesis was achieved after only four volume exchanges. Feeding of casein hydrolysate or aromatic or basic amino acids to the continuous culture induced an irreversible loss of S-layer protein synthesis after from five to ten volume exchanges. In contrast, addition of Gly, Ala, Val, Leu, Ile, Glu, Gin, Asp, Asn, Ser and Thr in different mixtures could significantly stimulate S-layer protein production.
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Bacillus stearothermophilus
continuous cultivation
crystalline bacterial cell surface layers

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