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Gewählte Publikation:

Dahm, V; Hering, D; Nemitz, D; Graf, W; Schmidt-Kloiber, A; Leitner, P; Melcher, A; Feld, CK.
(2013): Effects of physico-chemistry, land use and hydromorphology on three riverine organism groups: a comparative analysis with monitoring data from Germany and Austria
HYDROBIOLOGIA. 2013; 704(1): 389-415. FullText FullText_BOKU

The majority of studies comparing the response of biotic metrics to environmental stress in rivers are based on relatively small, homogeneous datasets resulting from research projects. Here, we used a large dataset from Austrian and German national river monitoring programmes (2,302 sites) to analyse the response of fish, diatom and macroinvertebrate metrics to four stressors acting at different scales (hydromorphology, physico-chemistry, riparian and catchment land use). Nutrient enrichment and catchment land use were the main discriminating stressors for all organism groups, over-ruling the effects of hydromorphological stress on the site scale. The response of fish metrics to stress was generally low, while macroinvertebrate metrics performed best. The Trophic Diatom Index (TDI) responded most strongly to all stressors in the mountain streams, while different metrics were responsive in the lowlands. Our results suggest that many rivers are still considerably affected by nutrient enrichment (eutrophication), which might directly point at implications of catchment land use. We conclude that monitoring datasets are well-suited to detect major broad-scale trends of degradation and their impact on riverine assemblages, while the more subtle effects of local-scale stressors require stream type-specific approaches.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Graf Wolfram
Leitner Patrick
Melcher Andreas
Schmidt-Kloiber Astrid
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