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Gewählte Publikation:

Hage-Ahmed, K; Moyses, A; Voglgruber, A; Hadacek, F; Steinkellner, S.
(2013): Alterations in Root Exudation of Intercropped Tomato Mediated by the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus mosseae and the Soilborne Pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp lycopersici
J PHYTOPATHOL. 2013; 161(11-12): 763-773. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can control soilborne diseases such as Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (Fol). Root exudates play an important role in plant-microbe interactions in the rhizosphere, especially, in the initial phase of these interactions. In this work, we focus on (i) elucidating dynamics in root exudation of Solanum lycopersicum L. in an intercropping system due to AMF and/or Fol; (ii) its effect on Fol development in vitro; and (iii) the testing of the root exudate compounds identified in the chromatographic analyses in terms of effects on fungal growth in in vitro assays. GC-MS analyses revealed an AMF-dependent increase in sugars and decrease in organic acids, mainly glucose and malate. In the HPLC analyses, an increase in chlorogenic acid was evident in the combined treatment of AMF and Fol, which is to our knowledge the first report about an increase in chlorogenic acid in root exudates of AM plants challenged with Fol compared with plants inoculated with AMF only, clearly indicating changes in root exudation due to AMF and Fol. Root exudates of AMF tomato plants stimulate the germination rate of Fol, whereas the co-inoculation of AMF and Fol leads to a reduction in spore germination. In the in vitro assays, citrate and chlorogenic acid could be identified as possible candidates for the reduction in Fol germination rate in the root exudates of the AMF+Fol treatment because they proved inhibition at concentrations naturally occurring in the rhizosphere.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Hage-Ahmed Karin
Steinkellner Siegrid
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
Fusarium oxysporum
Glomus mosseae
root exudates
spore germination
tomato


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