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Gewählte Publikation:

Kloss, S; Zehetner, F; Wimmer, B; Buecker, J; Rempt, F; Soja, G.
(2014): Biochar application to temperate soils: Effects on soil fertility and crop growth under greenhouse conditions
J PLANT NUTR SOIL SC. 2014; 177(1): 3-15. FullText FullText_BOKU

Biochar (BC) application as a soil amendment has aroused much interest and was found to considerably improve soil nutrient status and crop yields on poor, tropical soils. However, information on the effect of BC on temperate soils is still insufficient, with effects expected to differ from tropical soils. We investigated the effects of BC on soil nutrient dynamics, crop yield, and quality in a greenhouse pot experiment. We compared three agricultural soils (Planosol, Cambisol, Chernozem), and BCs of three different feedstocks (wheat straw [WS], mixed woodchips [WC], vineyard pruning [VP]) slowly pyrolyzed at 525 degrees C, of which the latter was also pyrolyzed at 400 degrees C. The BCs were applied at two rates (1% and 3%, which would correspond to 30 and 90 t ha(-1) in the field). Three crops, namely mustard (Sinapis alba L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and red clover (Trifolium pretense L.) were grown successively within one year. The investigated soil properties included pH, electrical conductivity (EC), cation-exchange capacity (CEC), calcium-acetate-lactate (CAL)-extractable P (P-CAL) and K (K-CAL), C, N, and nitrogen-supplying potential (NSP). The results show a pH increase in all soils. The CEC increased only on the Planosol. The C : N ratio increased at 3% application rate. Despite improving the soil nutrient status partly, yields of the first crop (mustard) and to a lesser extent of the second crop (barley) were significantly depressed through BC application (by up to 68%); the yield of clover as third crop was not affected. Only the BC from WS maintained yields in the range of the control and even increased barley yield by 6%. The initial yield reduction was accompanied by notable decreases (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) and increases (Mo) in micronutrient concentrations of plant tissues while nitrogen concentrations were hardly affected. The results of the pot experiment show that despite additional mineral fertilization, short-term growth inhibition may occur when applying BC without further treatment to temperate soils.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Müller Stefanie
Soja Gerhard
Zehetner Franz

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
growth inhibition
micronutrient deficiency
plant nutrient concentrations
soil type

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