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Gewählte Publikation:

Kloss, S; Zehetner, F; Oburger, E; Buecker, J; Kitzler, B; Wenzel, WW; Wimmer, B; Soja, G.
(2014): Trace element concentrations in leachates and mustard plant tissue (Sinapis alba L.) after biochar application to temperate soils
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON. 2014; 481: 498-508. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Biochar application to agricultural soils has been increasingly promoted worldwide. However, this may be accompanied by unexpected side effects in terms of trace element (TE) behavior. We used a greenhouse pot experiment to study the influence of woodchip-derived biochar (wcBC) on leaching and plant concentration of various TEs (Al, Cd, Cu, Pb, Mn, As, B, Mo, Se). Three different agricultural soils from Austria (Planosol, Cambisol, Chemozem) were treated with wcBC at application rates of 1 and 3% (w/w) and subsequently planted with mustard (Sinapis alba L.). Soil samples were taken 0 and 7 months after the start of the pot experiment, and leachate water was collected twice (days 0 and 54). The extractability (with NH4NO3) of cationic TEs was decreased in the (acidic) Planosol and Cambisol after wcBC application, whereas in the (neutral) Chemozem it hardly changed. In contrast, anionic TEs were mobilized in all three soils, which resulted in higher anion concentrations in the leachates. The application of wcBC had no effect on Al and Pb in the mustard plants, but increased their B and Mo concentrations and decreased their Cd, Cu and Mn concentrations. A two-way analysis of variance showed significant interactions between wcBC application rate and soil type for most TEs, which indicates that different soil types may react differently upon wcBC application. Correlation and partial correlation analyses revealed that TE behavior was primarily related to soil pH, whereas the involvement of other factors such as electrical conductivity (EC), organic carbon (OC) content and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was found to be more soil and TE-specific. The application of wcBC may be a useful strategy for the remediation of soils with elevated levels of cationic TEs, but could lead to deficiencies of cationic micronutrients and enhance short-term translocation of anionic TEs towards the groundwater at high leaching rates. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Müller Stefanie
Oburger Eva
Soja Gerhard
Wenzel Walter
Zehetner Franz
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Agriculture*
Austria
Charcoal/chemistry*
Environmental Monitoring*
Environmental Restoration and Remediation/methods*
Groundwater/chemistry
Mustard Plant/chemistry*
Soil/chemistry*
Soil Pollutants/analysis*
Soil Pollutants/chemistry
Trace Elements/analysis*
Trace Elements/chemistry

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Biochar
Trace elements
Heavy metals
Soil remediation
Leaching
Plant uptake


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