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Gewählte Publikation:

Nypelo, T; Osterberg, M; Zu, XJ; Laine, J.
(2011): Preparation of ultrathin coating layers using surface modified silica nanoparticles
COLLOID SURFACE A. 2011; 392(1): 313-321. FullText FullText_BOKU

Silica nanoparticles are used in various applications including catalysts, paints and coatings. To reach an optimal performance via stability and functionality, in most cases, the surface properties of the particles are altered using complex procedures. Here we describe a simple method for surface modification of silica nanoparticles (SNP) using sequential adsorption of oppositely charged components. First, the SNPs were made cationic by adsorption of a cationic polyelectrolyte. Poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) were chosen as polycations to investigate the difference between a linear and a branched polyelectrolyte. Next, the dispersion of cationic SNPs was combined with an anionic alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) emulsion. Using this approach cationic, hydrophobic silica particle dispersions were produced. Dynamic light scattering, contact angle measurements and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used for analyzing the particle and coating layer properties. The chosen polyelectrolyte affected the structure of the dispersion. The layer build-up was studied in detail using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D). The adsorption and layer properties of the cationic polyelectrolytes adsorbed on silica as well as the affinity of AKD to this layer were explored. The application possibilities of the modified particle dispersions were demonstrated by preparing paper and silica surfaces with tailored properties, such as elevated surface hydrophobicity, using an ultrathin coating layer. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Nypelö Tiina Elina

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Silica nanoparticles
Surface modification
Dispersion stabilization
Polymer adsorption
Ultrathin coating

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