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Gewählte Publikation:

Luss, S; Schwanninger, M; Rosner, S.
(2015): Hydraulic traits of Norway spruce sapwood estimated by Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR)
CAN J FOREST RES. 2015; 45(6): 625-631. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The potential of Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy to predict hydraulic traits in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) sapwood was evaluated. Hydraulic traits tested were P-50 (applied air pressure causing 50% loss of hydraulic conductivity) and RWL50 (applied air pressure causing 50% relative water loss). Samples came from 24-year-old spruce clones. FT-NIR spectra were collected from the axial (transverse) and radial surface of each solid wood sample for the prediction of P-50 and RWL50. Partial least squares regression (PLS-R) models with cross validation were used to establish relationships between the FT-NIR spectra and the reference data from hydraulic properties analysis. The impact of the wavenumber range and the pretreatment during the PLS-R model development and the differences between the axial and radial surfaces were shown. Based on the values of the coefficient of determination (r(2)) and the root mean square error of cross validation, predicted results were evaluated as acceptable. The models from the axial surface gave better results than the models from the radial surface for P-50 (r(2) = 0.65), as well as for RWL50 (r(2) = 0.77). The first approach to predict hydraulic properties such as P-50 and RWL50 by FT-NIR spectroscopy can be regarded as successful. We conclude that the method has high potential to be put into practice as a rapid, reliable, and nondestructive method to determine P-50 and RWL50.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Luss Saskia
Rosner Sabine
Schwanninger Manfred
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy
Norway spruce
partial least squares regression
Picea abies
relative water loss
vulnerability to cavitation


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