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Gewählte Publikation:

Tola, S; Bureau, DP; Hooft, JM; Beamish, FW; Sulyok, M; Krska, R; Encarnação, P; Petkam, R; .
(2015): Effects of Wheat Naturally Contaminated with Fusarium Mycotoxins on Growth Performance and Selected Health Indices of Red Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × O. mossambicus).
Toxins (Basel). 2015; 7(6):1929-1944 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to examine effects of wheat naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins (deoxynivalenol, DON 41 mgkg(-1)) on growth performance and selected health indices of red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus x O. mossambicus; initial weight = 4.3 g/fish). Five experimental diets were formulated by replacement of clean wheat with naturally contaminated wheat resulting in graded levels of DON and zearalenone (ZEN) (Diet 1 0.07/0.01, Diet 2 0.31/0.09, Diet 3 0.50/0.21, Diet 4 0.92/0.37 and Diet 5 1.15/0.98 mgkg(-1)). Groups of 50 fish were randomly allocated into each of 20 aquaria and fed to near-satiety for eight weeks. Growth rate, feed intake and feed efficiency of fish fed the experimental diets decreased linearly with increasing levels of Fusarium mycotoxins (p < 0.05). Although growth depression was associated with feeding diets naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins, especially DON, no biochemical and histopathological parameters measured in blood and liver appeared affected by Fusarium mycotoxin concentrations of diets (p > 0.05). Though there was no clear evidence of overt DON toxicity to red tilapia, it is recommended that feed ingredients should be screened for Fusarium mycotoxin contamination to ensure optimal growth performance.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Krska Rudolf
Sulyok Michael
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
mycotoxins
deoxynivalenol
Fusarium mycotoxins
red tilapia
growth performance


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