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Gewählte Publikation:

Tisch, D; Pomraning, KR; Collett, JR; Freitag, M; Baker, SE; Chen, CL; Hsu, PWC; Chuang, YC; Schuster, A; Dattenbock, C; Stappler, E; Sulyok, M; Bohmdorfer, S; Oberlerchner, J; Wang, TF; Schmoll, M.
(2017): Omics Analyses of Trichoderma reesei CBS999.97 and QM6a Indicate the Relevance of Female Fertility to Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme and Transporter Levels
APPL ENVIRON MICROB. 2017; 83(22): FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is found predominantly in the tropics but also in more temperate regions, such as Europe, and is widely known as a producer of large amounts of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes. We sequenced the genome of the sexually competent isolate CBS999.97, which is phenotypically different from the female sterile strain QM6a but can cross sexually with QM6a. Transcriptome data for growth on cellulose showed that entire carbohydrate-active enzyme (CAZyme) families are consistently differentially regulated between these strains. We evaluated backcrossed strains of both mating types, which acquired female fertility from CBS999.97 but maintained a mostly QM6a genetic background, and we could thereby distinguish between the effects of strain background and female fertility or mating type. We found clear regulatory differences associated with female fertility and female sterility, including regulation of CAZyme and transporter genes. Analysis of carbon source utilization, transcriptomes, and secondary metabolites in these strains revealed that only a few changes in gene regulation are consistently correlated with different mating types. Different strain backgrounds (QM6a versus CBS999.97) resulted in the most significant alterations in the transcriptomes and in carbon source utilization, with decreased growth of CBS999.97 on several amino acids (for example proline or alanine), which further correlated with the downregulation of genes involved in the respective pathways. In combination, our findings support a role of fertility-associated processes in physiology and gene regulation and are of high relevance for the use of sexual crossing in combining the characteristics of two compatible strains or quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. IMPORTANCE Trichoderma reesei is a filamentous fungus with a high potential for secretion of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes. We sequenced the genome of the fully fertile field isolate CBS999.97 and analyzed its gene regulation characteristics in comparison with the commonly used laboratory wild-type strain QM6a, which is not female fertile. Additionally, we also evaluated fully fertile strains with genotypes very close to that of QM6a in order to distinguish between strain-specific and fertility-specific characteristics. We found that QM6a and CBS999.97 clearly differ in their growth patterns on different carbon sources, CAZyme gene regulation, and secondary metabolism. Importantly, we found altered regulation of 90 genes associated with female fertility, including CAZyme genes and transporter genes, but only minor mating type-dependent differences. Hence, when using sexual crossing in research and for strain improvement, it is important to consider female fertile and female sterile strains for comparison with QM6a and to achieve optimal performance.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Böhmdorfer Stefan
Oberlerchner Josua Timotheus
Sulyok Michael
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Trichoderma reesei
Hypocrea jecorina
cellulase
strain improvement
sexual development
female fertility
secondary metabolism
mating type
carbon source


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