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Gewählte Publikation:

San, V; Spoann, V; Schmidt, J.
(2018): Industrial pollution load assessment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia using an industrial pollution projection system
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON. 2018; 615: 990-999. FullText FullText_BOKU

Approximately 56% out of the total 1302 Cambodian firms are operated in the Capital city of Cambodia. The necessary information on industrial pollution to set strategies, priorities and action plans on environmental protection issues is absent in Cambodia. In the absence of this data, effective environmental protection cannot be implemented. The objective of this study is to estimate industrial pollution load by employing the Industrial Pollution Projection System, a rapid environmental management tool for assessment of pollution load, to produce a scientific rational basis for preparing future policy direction to reduce industrial pollution in Phnom Penh city. Factory data between 1994 and 2014 obtained from the Ministry of Industry and Handicraft of Cambodia were used in our study. Due to the high number of employees, the total environmental load generated in Phnom Penh city was estimated to be 476,981 Mg in 2014. Phnom Penh city generated 189,109 Mg of VOC, 165,411 Mg of toxic chemicals to air, 38,523 Mg of toxic chemicals to land, and 28,968 Mg of SO2 in 2014. The results of the estimation show that the Textiles and Apparel sector was the highest generators of toxic chemicals into land and air, and toxic metals into land, air and water, while the Basic Metal sector was the greatest contributor of toxic chemicals to water. The Textiles and Apparel sector alone emitted 436,016 Mg of total pollution load. The results indicate that the Dangkao and Meanchey districts were the greatest emitters of all pollutants in Phnom Penh. The results suggest that reduction in industrial pollution could be achieved by focusing on the most polluting sectors and areas. Adopting waste minimization strategies, which include cleaner production processes, will not only reduce the cost of controlling pollution, it will also make manufacturing more efficient thereby increasing profits while reducing pollution load in the long run. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Schmidt Johannes
BOKU Gendermonitor:

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