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Gewählte Publikation:

Erickson, RA; Diffendorfer, JE; Norris, DR; Bieri, JA; Earl, JE; Federico, P; Fryxell, JM; Long, KR; Mattsson, BJ; Sample, C; Wiederholt, R; Thogmartin, WE.
(2018): Defining and classifying migratory habitats as sources and sinks: The migratory pathway approach
J APPL ECOL. 2018; 55(1): 108-117. FullText FullText_BOKU

1. Understanding and conserving migratory species requires a method for characterizing the seasonal flow of animals among habitats. Source-sink theory describes the metapopulation dynamics of species by classifying habitats as population sources (i.e. net contributors) or sinks (i.e. net substractors). Migratory species may have non-breeding habitats important to the species (e.g. overwintering or stopover habitats) that traditional source-sink theory would classify as sinks because these habitats produce no individuals. Conversely, existing migratory network models can evaluate the relative contribution of non-breeding nodes, but these models make an equilibrium assumption that is difficult to meet when examining real migratory populations. 2. We extend a pathway-based metric allowing breeding habitats, non-breeding habitats and migratory pathways connecting these habitats to be classified as sources or sinks. Rather than being based on whether place-or season-specific births exceed deaths, our approach quantifies the total demographic contribution from a node or migratory pathway over a flexibly defined yet limited time period across an organismxxxs life cycle. As such, it provides a snapshot of a migratory system and therefore does not require assumptions associated with equilibrium dynamics. 3. We first develop a generalizable mathematical notation and then demonstrate how the metric may be used with two case studies: the common loon (Gavia immer) and Yellowstone cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri). These examples highlight how stressors can impact stopover and wintering habitats (loons) and habitat management targeting migratory pathways can improve population status (trout). 4. Synthesis and applications. Each of the two case studies presented describes how effects at one location are felt by populations in another through the seasonal flow of individuals. The contribution metric we present should be helpful in allocating regulatory and management attention to times and locations most critical to migratory species persistence.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Mattsson Brady
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
common loon
invasive species
network model
Yellowstone cutthroat trout

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