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Gewählte Publikation:

Lindlbauer, KA; Marx, H; Sauer, M.
(2017): 3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde production from crude glycerol by Lactobacillus diolivorans with enhanced glycerol uptake
BIOTECHNOL BIOFUELS. 2017; 10: FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Background: In their quest for sustainable development and effective management of greenhouse gas emissions, our societies pursue a shift away from fossil-based resources towards renewable resources. With 95% of our current transportation energy being petroleum based, the application of alternative, carbon-neutral products-among them biodiesel-is inevitable. In order to enhance the cost structure of biodiesel biorefineries, the valorization of the crude glycerol waste stream into high-value platform chemicals is of major importance. Results: The purpose of this study is the production of 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) from biodiesel-derived crude glycerol by Lactobacillus diolivorans. Particular focus is given on overcoming potential limitations of glycerol transport into the cell, in order to use the cellsxxx total glycerol dehydratase capability towards the formation of 3-HPA as the main product. Recombinant overexpression of the endogenous glycerol uptake facilitating protein PduF results in a significant increase of glycerol conversion by a factor of 1.3. Concomitantly, glycerol dehydratase activity increased from initially 1.70 +/- 0.03 U/mg protein to 2.23 +/- 0.11 U/mg protein. With this approach, an average productivity of 4.8-g(3-HPA)/(g(CDM) h) yielding up to 35.9 g/L 3-HPA and 0.91 -mol(3-HPA)/mol(Glycerol) have been obtained. Conclusion: Lactobacillus diolivorans proves to be a valuable cell factory for the utilization of crude glycerol delivering high-value C3 chemicals like 3-HPA, 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) and 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP). Enhancing the glycerol influx into the cell by genetic engineering was successful paving the way towards the commercial production of 3-HPA.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Lindlbauer Katharina
Marx Hans
Sauer Michael
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Lactic acid bacteria
Biodiesel
Biorefinery
Crude glycerol
Glycerol utilization
Glycerol uptake
Glycerol dehydratase


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