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Gewählte Publikation:

Zafari, A; Zurita-Milla, R; Izquierdo-Verdiguier, E.
(2019): Evaluating the Performance of a Random Forest Kernel for Land Cover Classification
REMOTE SENS-BASEL. 2019; 11(5), 575 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The production of land cover maps through satellite image classification is a frequent task in remote sensing. Random Forest (RF) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) are the two most well-known and recurrently used methods for this task. In this paper, we evaluate the pros and cons of using an RF-based kernel (RFK) in an SVM compared to using the conventional Radial Basis Function (RBF) kernel and standard RF classifier. A time series of seven multispectral WorldView-2 images acquired over Sukumba (Mali) and a single hyperspectral AVIRIS image acquired over Salinas Valley (CA, USA) are used to illustrate the analyses. For each study area, SVM-RFK, RF, and SVM-RBF were trained and tested under different conditions over ten subsets. The spectral features for Sukumba were extended by obtaining vegetation indices (VIs) and grey-level co-occurrence matrices (GLCMs), the Salinas dataset is used as benchmarking with its original number of features. In Sukumba, the overall accuracies (OAs) based on the spectral features only are of . These results show that SVM-RFK yields slightly higher OAs than RF in high dimensional and noisy experiments, and it provides competitive results in the rest of the experiments. They also show that SVM-RFK generates highly competitive results when compared to SVM-RBF while substantially reducing the time and computational cost associated with parametrizing the kernel. Moreover, SVM-RFK outperforms SVM-RBF in high dimensional and noisy problems. RF was also used to select the most important features for the extended dataset of Sukumba; the SVM-RFK derived from these features improved the OA of the previous SVM-RFK by 2%. Thus, the proposed SVM-RFK classifier is as at least as good as RF and SVM-RBF and can achieve considerable improvements when applied to high dimensional data and when combined with RF-based feature selection methods.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Izquierdo-Verdiguier Emma
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
image classification
random forest
support vector machine
random forest kernel
very high spatial resolution satellite images


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