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Gewählte Publikation:

Hauer, C; Lichtneger, P; Holzinger, J; Schobesberger, J; Habersack, H; Sindelar, C.
(2019): Ripple dynamics over various microtopographical roughness elements and their implications for river management
RIVER RES APPL. 2019; 35(6): 601-610. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Specific problems in connection with the sediment regime have arisen in the granite and gneiss area in the northern part of Austria due to the increased sediment supply of coarse sand and fine gravel as a product of rock weathering. One of the physical characteristics of these sediments is their high mobility in form of ripple bedforms along the surface. In these rivers, the microtopographical structures of the bed surface are hydraulically active, especially in the initial stages when ripples have not overtopped the largest elements of the bed's roughness elements. There is a lack of detailed studies of the impacts of these microtopographical structures on ripple dynamics. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of various microtopographic roughness elements on ripple movement. This study was performed using a 1:1-scaled physical laboratory experiment. The results showed, in all repetitions of the experiment with variable grain sizes, that the higher the microtopographical variability of the river substrate and turbulence was, the higher the measured transport velocities of the ripples were. The expected hidden impacts on sediment transport were not documented. Important implications for sediment management were discussed, as river sections with high accumulation rates of coarse sand and fine gravel are prone to additional degradation as downstream transport decreases over smooth ripple-dune morphologies. Additionally, structural elements such as exposed rocks may increase the downstream transport due to the increased variability in turbulence.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Habersack Helmut
Hauer Christoph
Lichtneger Petr
Schobesberger Johannes
Sindelar Christine
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
morphology
physical experiments
ripple dynamics
river management
roughness


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