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Gewählte Publikation:

Amann, A; Herrnegger, M; Karungi, J; Komakech, AJ; Mwanake, H; Schneider, L; Schurz, C; Stecher, G; Turinawe, A; Zessner, M; Lederer, J.
(2021): Can local nutrient-circularity and erosion control increase yields of resource-constraint smallholder farmers? A case study in Kenya and Uganda
J CLEAN PROD. 2021; 318, 128510 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
As many regions in sub-Saharan Africa, the border region of Kenya (KE) and Uganda (UG) has faced a declining soil fertility for decades, resulting from soil erosion, intensely managed agricultural soils due to population pressure and small inputs of mineral and organic fertilizers. With limited financial means, farmers need measures and/or technologies that effectively reduce nutrient losses or increase inputs at a low cost. In this study, four such measures are in focus, namely erosion reduction practices, vermicomposting of animal manure, collection of human urine in jerry cans and, collection of human excreta in urine-diverting dry toilets. Current soil nutrient balances in five districts in the Sio-Malaba-Malakisi River Basin and the potential of these measures to reduce the soil nutrient deficit are studied using the method of material flow analysis and the software STAN. Furthermore, crop-nutrient-response functions are used to determine their potential impact on maize harvests. Overall, results reveal that there exists a non-negligible and exploitable potential of local resources to reduce the soil nutrient deficit, improve harvests and in turn food security of the smallholder farmers in the region. Soil nutrient deficits could be reduced by 20-30%, 23-42% and 9-15% for nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), respectively. Subsequently, maize harvests could be increased by 8-40%, depending on the applied technology and area. This research provides useful insights for agricultural extension workers, politicians and researchers alike, highlighting that simple and easily available technologies can harness similar amounts of nutrients as more complex and expensive ones if all specific technology-constraints are adequately incorporated in the analyses.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Herrnegger Mathew
Mwanake Hope Wakio
Stecher Gabriel
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Material flow analysis
Nutrient circularity
Erosion
EcoSan
Urine collection
Vermicomposting
Crop-nutrient-response


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