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Gewählte Publikation:

Olscher, C; Jandric, A; Zafiu, C; Part, F.
(2022): Evaluation of Marker Materials and Spectroscopic Methods for Tracer-Based Sorting of Plastic Wastes
POLYMERS-BASEL. 2022; 14(15), 3074 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Plastics are a ubiquitous material with good mechanical, chemical and thermal properties, and are used in all industrial sectors. Large quantities, widespread use, and insufficient management of plastic wastes lead to low recycling rates. The key challenge in recycling plastic waste is achieving a higher degree of homogeneity between the different polymer material streams. Modern waste sorting plants use automated sensor-based sorting systems capable to sort out commodity plastics, while many engineering plastics, such as polyoxymethylene (POM), will end up in mixed waste streams and are therefore not recycled. A novel approach to increasing recycling rates is tracer-based sorting (TBS), which uses a traceable plastic additive or marker that enables or enhances polymer type identification based on the tracer's unique fingerprint (e.g., fluorescence). With future TBS applications in mind, we have summarized the literature and assessed TBS techniques and spectroscopic detection methods. Furthermore, a comprehensive list of potential tracer substances suitable for thermoplastics was derived from the literature. We also derived a set of criteria to select the most promising tracer candidates (3 out of 80) based on their material properties, toxicity profiles, and detectability that could be applied to enable the circularity of, for example, POM or other thermoplastics.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Jandric Aleksander
Olscher Christoph
Part Florian
Zafiu Christian
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Circular Economy
post-consumer plastic waste
plastic waste recycling
tracer-based sorting
sensor-based sorting
spectroscopy
fluorescent markers
thermoplastics
polyoxymethylene


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