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Gewählte Publikation:

Neugschwandtner, RW; Ziegler, KV; Kriegner, S; Wagentristl, H; Kaul, HP.
(2015): Nitrogen yield and nitrogen fixation of winter faba beans
ACTA AGR SCAND B-S P. 2015; 65(7): 658-666. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Introducing autumn-sown legumes into Central European farming systems could be beneficial for addressing two challenges for European agriculture, i.e., the substantial deficit of protein sources for livestock and expected changes in agroclimatic conditions. Therefore, a two-year field experiment was conucted under Pannonian climate conditions in eastern Austria to assess nitrogen (N) yield and N fixation of several winter faba bean varieties from different European countries as compared to a spring faba bean. Winter wheat was used as a reference crop for estimating atmospheric N fixation. Winter faba beans were susceptible to frost damage especially in the harder of the two winters. Winter faba bean varieties could not achieve a higher grain yield and a higher grain N yield than the spring faba bean but had a higher grain N concentration (except for one variety). Grain yield and grain N yield of faba beans were severely impaired by drought in one year (with a mean of varieties of 8.3 g N m(-2), winter wheat: 6.4 g N m(-2)); in the other year, grain N yield of faba beans considerably surpassed that of winter wheat (with a mean of varieties of 21.5 g N m(-2), winter wheat: 8.8 g N m(-2)). After harvest, faba beans left higher nitrate residues in the soil, especially in the subsoil, and higher amounts of N in above-ground residues compared to winter wheat. Faba beans showed high N fixation under optimum conditions (with a mean of varieties of 21.9 g N m(-2)) whereas drought considerably impaired N fixation (with a mean of varieties of 6.3 g N m(-2); with no differences between autumn- and spring-sown faba beans). In conclusion, growing winter faba bean varieties in eastern Austria did not result in higher grain yield, grain N yield, and N fixation compared to growing a spring faba bean.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Kaul Hans-Peter
Kriegner Simon
Neugschwandtner Reinhard
Wagentristl Helmut
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
faba bean
autumn-sowing
spring-sowing nitrogen
N fixation


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