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Gewählte Publikation:

Shahbazi, M; Jager, H; Ettelaie, R.
(2021): Development of an Antioxidative Pickering Emulsion Gel through Polyphenol-Inspired Free-Radical Grafting of Microcrystalline Cellulose for 3D Food Printing
BIOMACROMOLECULES. 2021; 22(11): 4592-4605. FullText FullText_BOKU

The manufacture of next-generation 3D-printed foods with personalized requirements can be accelerated by in-depth knowledge of the development of a multifunctional biopolymeric-based ink. As a fat replacer in the food industry, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) has the potential to address the growing need for sustainable healthy reduced-fit 3D printed foods. The modification of MCC structure by polyphenols gives the way to produce a multifunctional antioxidative Pickering emulsion with improved emulsifying properties. In this study, different types of polyphenols, including gallic acid (GA), tannic acid (TA), and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), were individually used to synthesize the grafted MCC-g-polyphenol conjugates by the free-radical grafting method. Then, the antioxidative grafted microconjugates were added to a soy protein-based emulsion gel to partially substitute its oil, and each Pickering emulsion gel variant was printed through an extrusion-based 3D printing system. Emulsifying properties and antioxidant character of MCC were proven to be enhanced after the fabrication of grafted microconjugates. Compared to MCC-g-TA, MCC-g-GA and MCC-g-C3G could efficiently improve the stability of a reduced-fat soy-based emulsion gel upon storage. Moreover, the reduced-fat soy-based emulsion gel containing grafted microconjugates endowed a characteristic shear-thinning behavior with a gel-like structure and superlative thixotropic properties. Following the printing, the antioxidative Pickering emulsion gels containing grafted microconjugates produced well-defined 3D structures with superior lubrication properties. This study demonstrated that the grafting of polyphenols onto MCC could enhance bioactive properties and improve emulsifying performance of MCC, making it a useful component in the development of personalized functional foods.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Jäger Henry
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