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Selected Publication:

Bodner, G; Nakhforoosh, A; Arnold, T; Leitner, D.
(2018): Hyperspectral imaging: a novel approach for plant root phenotyping
PLANT METHODS. 2018; 14: FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Background: Root phenotyping aims to characterize root system architecture because of its functional role in resource acquisition. RGB imaging and analysis procedures measure root system traits via colour contrasts between roots and growth media or artificial backgrounds. In the case of plants grown in soil-filled rhizoboxes, where the colour contrast can be poor, it is hypothesized that root imaging based on spectral signatures improves segmentation and provides additional knowledge on physico-chemical root properties. Results: Root systems of Triticum durum grown in soil-filled rhizoboxes were scanned in a spectral range of 1000-1700 nm with 222 narrow bands and a spatial resolution of 0.1 mm. A data processing pipeline was developed for automatic root segmentation and analysis of spectral root signatures. Spectral-and RGB-based root segmentation did not significantly differ in accuracy even for a bright soil background. Best spectral segmentation was obtained from log-linearized and asymptotic least squares corrected images via fuzzy clustering and multilevel thresholding. Root axes revealed major spectral distinction between center and border regions. Root decay was captured by an exponential function of the difference spectra between water and structural carbon absorption regions. Conclusions: Fundamentals for root phenotyping using hyperspectral imaging have been established by means of an image processing pipeline for automated segmentation of soil-grown plant roots at a high spatial resolution and for the exploration of spectral signatures encoding physico-chemical root zone properties.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bodner Gernot
Nakhforoosh Alireza
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Hyperspectral imaging
Image processing
Phenotyping
Root decomposition
Triticum durum


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