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Selected Publication:

Witzmann, S; Matitz, L; Gollob, C; Ritter, T; Krassnitzer, R; Tockner, A; Stampfer, K; Nothdurft, A.
(2022): Accuracy and Precision of Stem Cross-Section Modeling in 3D Point Clouds from TLS and Caliper Measurements for Basal Area Estimation
REMOTE SENS-BASEL. 2022; 14(8), 1923 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The utilization of terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) data for forest inventory purposes has increasingly gained recognition in the past two decades. Volume estimates from TLS data are usually derived from the integral of cross-section area estimates along the stem axis. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of circle, ellipse, and spline fits applied to cross-section area modeling, and to evaluate the influence of different modeling parameters on the cross-section area estimation. For this purpose, 20 trees were scanned with FARO Focus(3D) X330 and afterward felled to collect stem disks at different heights. The contours of the disks were digitized under in vitro laboratory conditions to provide reference data for the evaluation of the in situ TLS-based cross-section modeling. The results showed that the spline model fit achieved the most precise and accurate estimate of the cross-section area when compared to the reference cross-section area (RMSD (Root Mean Square Deviation) and bias of only 3.66% and 0.17%, respectively) and was able to exactly represent the shape of the stem disk (ratio between intersection and union of modeled and reference cross-section area of 88.69%). In comparison, contour fits with ellipses and circles yielded higher RMSD (5.28% and 10.08%, respectively) and bias (1.96% and 3.27%, respectively). The circle fit proved to be especially robust with respect to varying parameter settings, but provided exact estimates only for regular-shaped stem disks, such as those from the upper parts of the stem. Spline-based models of the cross-section at breast height were further used to examine the influence of caliper orientation on the volume estimation. Simulated caliper measures of the DBH showed an RMSD of 3.99% and a bias of 1.73% when compared to the reference DBH, which was calculated via the reference cross-section area, resulting in biased estimates of basal area and volume. DBH estimates obtained by simulated cross-calipering showed statistically significant deviations from the reference. The findings cast doubt on the customary utilization of manually calipered diameters as reference data when evaluating the accuracy of TLS data, as TLS-based estimates have reached an accuracy level surpassing traditional caliper measures.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Gollob Christoph
Kraßnitzer Ralf
Matitz Laura
Nothdurft Arne
Ritter Tim
Stampfer Karl
Tockner Andreas
Witzmann Sarah
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
forest inventory
terrestrial laser scanning
LiDAR
cross-section modeling
caliper orientation


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