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Selected Publication:

Waltl, P; Halldorsson, B; Petursson, HG; Fiebig, M.
(2018): Geomorphic assessment of the urban setting of Husavik, North Iceland, in the context of earthquake hazard
JOKULL. 2018; 68: 27-46.

The Husavik-Flatey Fault Zone (HFFZ) is one of the largest system of transform faults in Iceland on which damaging earthquakes have repeatedly taken place. The town of Husavik on the coast of the Tjornes peninsula lies in an extensional basin formed due to a slight bend in the HFFZ. The fault movement and geological processes have over time created considerable spatial variations in both the topography and shallow subsurface materials on which the town resides. As a result, the earthquake hazard varies significantly within the town, and therefore the local seismic risk as well. In this study, we expand on previous research by mapping the geomorphology of the Husavik area. Namely, the geomorphology identifies the secondary processes that can be activated during strong earthquake motions and cause additional damage or loss. Through field inspection and remote sensing we have examined the predominant surface geological types and actual and potential geomorphic phenomena and processes in the Husavik area. The results are presented as a set of geological and geomorphological maps outlining the types and classes of geomorphological processes, along with the topography and slope inclinations of Husavik. The geomorphological characteristics of the Husavik area are shown to be largely dominated by mass gravitational motion such as landslides and rockfalls, primarily on the Husavik mountain and along the Botnsvatn incline, but also along the coastline of Husavik, especially along the steep slopes in the southernmost part of town. We have also identified areas with possible liquefaction potential within the town where fully water saturated Holocene sediments are located, prompting reevaluation of the local earthquake hazard, seismic risk, and urban planning.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Fiebig Markus
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
tectonic geomorphology
earthquake hazard
soil liquefaction
gravitational mass movement

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