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LEMMENS, M., KRSKA, R., SCHUHMACHER, R., BUERSTMAYR, H., GRAUSGRUBER, H., RUCKENBAUER P..
(2004): The effect of long-term application of moisture on Fusarium head blight symptoms and deoxynivalenol contamination in wheat grains.
European Journal of Plant Pathology, 110, 299-308; 0929-1873 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is an important disease of wheat, which can result in the contamination of grains with mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol ( DON). Artificial inoculation of flowering ears with conidial suspensions is widely used to study FHB diseases. Our goal was to compare four inoculation treatments in which a conidial suspension was sprayed on flowering ears and to study the effect of the application of moisture during kernel setting and filling with a mist-irrigation system. Ten wheat genotypes were inoculated with a DON-producing Fusarium culmorum strain. Inoculation treatments varied in time of application of the inoculum ( morning or evening) and in the method of controlling humidity during inoculation ( bagging or mist irrigation). A wet season was simulated with a mist-irrigation system, keeping the crop canopy wet for at least 26 days after flowering. The severity of FHB symptoms ( area under disease progress curve (AUDPC)), yield loss and DON contamination in the grains were determined. AUDPC data obtained with the different inoculation treatments were highly correlated ( r = 0.85 - 0.95). Mist irrigation after inoculation resulted in a higher mean disease severity, but in a overall lower toxin contamination as compared to the non-irrigated treatments. Genotypic differences in DON accumulation were present: for one wheat line toxin contamination significantly increased when irrigated, while two genotypes accumulated significantly less toxin. The closest relationships ( r = 0.73 - 0.89) between the visual symptoms and the DON content were obtained under moderate mean infection pressure. This relation between visual symptoms and the DON content deteriorated at higher infection levels.
Authors BOKU Wien:
B├╝rstmayr Hermann
Grausgruber Heinrich
Krska Rudolf
Lemmens Marc
Ruckenbauer Peter
Schuhmacher Rainer
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
artificial inoculation
Fusarium culmorum
humidity
mycotoxin
scab
Triticum aestivum


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