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Hirmann, D; Loibner, AP; Braun, R; Szolar, OH; .
(2007): Applicability of the bioluminescence inhibition test in the 96-well microplate format for PAH-solutions and elutriates of PAH-contaminated soils.
Chemosphere. 2007; 67(6):1236-1242 FullText FullText_BOKU

The use of conventional plastic microplates for a miniaturised luminescent bacteria test may result in an underestimation of the toxicity for poorly water soluble highly adsorbing toxicants such as PAHs. In this study, the suitability of microplates for testing elutriates of PAH-contaminated soils was investigated. The LUMIStox (R) test was performed as the standard test in the miniaturised format using contaminated soil elutriates and aqueous solutions of four selected PAHs (viz. naphthalene (NAP), acenaphthene (ACE), fluorene (FLU), and phenanthrene (PHE)). For the aqueous PAH-solutions, we observed reduced light inhibition values for the miniaturised bioassay when using black microplates made of polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS) compared to the standard LUMIStox (R) test. This phenomenon was most likely due to adsorption of toxicants to the microplate surfaces with PAHs of lower water solubility being significantly more affected; however, after minimizing the exposure of samples to plastic surfaces, polystyrene microplates revealed equivalent performance (> 80% 'relative' light inhibition) to the standard glass cuvette test system. For soil elutriates, black microplates again exhibited slightly lower light inhibition values while white plates made of PS and Barex (R) resulted in a pronounced overestimation of toxicity for a coloured soil elutriate. In general, microplates were applicable for testing elutriates of PAH-contaminated soils. In cases where samples are coloured or turbid, the application of black microplates is recommended. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Braun Rudolf
Loibner Andreas Paul
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Aliivibrio fischeri/drug effects;Aliivibrio fischeri/metabolism;Luminescent Measurements/instrumentation;Luminescent Measurements/methods*;Luminescent Proteins/analysis;Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic/toxicity*;Soil Pollutants/analysis*;Toxicity Tests/instrumentation*;Toxicity Tests/methods;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Vibrio fischeri
LUMIStox (R)
hydrophobic pollutants

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