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Selected Publication:

Hitzenhammer, E; Buschl, C; Sulyok, M; Schuhmacher, R; Kluger, B; Wischnitzki, E; Schmoll, M.
(2019): YPR2 is a regulator of light modulated carbon and secondary metabolism in Trichoderma reesei
BMC GENOMICS. 2019; 20, 211 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
BackgroundFilamentous fungi have evolved to succeed in nature by efficient growth and degradation of substrates, but also due to the production of secondary metabolites including mycotoxins. For Trichoderma reesei, as a biotechnological workhorse for homologous and heterologous protein production, secondary metabolite secretion is of particular importance for industrial application. Recent studies revealed an interconnected regulation of enzyme gene expression and carbon metabolism with secondary metabolism.ResultsHere, we investigated gene regulation by YPR2, one out of two transcription factors located within the SOR cluster of T. reesei, which is involved in biosynthesis of sorbicillinoids. Transcriptome analysis showed that YPR2 exerts its major function in constant darkness upon growth on cellulose. Targets (direct and indirect) of YPR2 overlap with induction specific genes as well as with targets of the carbon catabolite repressor CRE1 and a considerable proportion is regulated by photoreceptors as well. Functional category analysis revealed both effects on carbon metabolism and secondary metabolism. Further, we found indications for an involvement of YPR2 in regulation of siderophores. In agreement with transcriptome data, mass spectrometric analyses revealed a broad alteration in metabolite patterns in ypr2. Additionally, YPR2 positively influenced alamethicin levels along with transcript levels of the alamethicin synthase tex1 and is essential for production of orsellinic acid in darkness.ConclusionsYPR2 is an important regulator balancing secondary metabolism with carbon metabolism in darkness and depending on the carbon source. The function of YPR2 reaches beyond the SOR cluster in which ypr2 is located and happens downstream of carbon catabolite repression mediated by CRE1.
Authors BOKU Wien:
B├╝schl Christoph
Kluger Bernhard
Schuhmacher Rainer
Sulyok Michael

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Trichoderma reesei
Hypocrea jecorina
Secondary metabolism
Alamethicin
Carbon metabolism
Light response


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