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Nakhforoosh, A; Nagel, KA; Fiorani, F; Bodner, G.
(2021): Deep soil exploration vs. topsoil exploitation: distinctive rooting strategies between wheat landraces and wild relatives
PLANT SOIL. 2021; 459(1-2): 397-421. FullText FullText_BOKU

Aims Diversity of root systems among genetic resources can contribute to optimize water and nutrient uptake. Topsoil exploitation vs. deep soil exploration represent two contrasting ideotypes in relation to resource use. Our study reveals how rooting patterns changed between wheat wild progenitors and landraces in regard to these ideotypes. Methods Root (partitioning, morphology, distribution, elongation, anatomy) and shoot traits (dry-matter, leaf area, assimilation) of durum landraces, wild emmer and wild einkorn from Iran, Syria, Turkey and Lebanon were phenotyped using the GrowScreen-Rhizo platform. Distinctive rooting patterns were identified via principal component analysis and relations with collection site characteristics analyzed. Results Shoot trait differentiation was strongly driven by seed weight, leading to superior early vigor of landraces. Wild progenitors formed superficial root systems with a higher contribution of lateral and early-emerging nodal axes to total root length. Durum landraces had a root system dominated by seminal axes allocated evenly over depth. Xylem anatomy was the trait most affected by the environmental influence of the collection site. Conclusions The durum landrace root system approximated a deep soil exploration ideotype which would optimize subsoil water uptake, while monococcum-type wild einkorn was most similar to a topsoil exploiting strategy with potential competitive advantages for subsistence in natural vegetation.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bodner Gernot
Nakhforoosh Alireza
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Root phenotyping
Root system ideotypes
Deep rooting
Wheat wild relatives
Durum landraces
Drought tolerance

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