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Selected Publication:

Spiessberger, M; Hoelzl, F; Smith, S; Vetter, S; Ruf, T; Nowack, J.
(2022): The tarnished silver spoon? Trade-off between prenatal growth and telomere length in wild boar
J EVOLUTION BIOL. 2022; 35(1): 81-90. FullText FullText_BOKU

Life-history theory predicts a trade-off between growth rates and lifespan, which is reflected by telomere length, a biomarker of somatic state. We investigated the correlation between telomere length and early-life growth of wild boar piglets, Sus scrofa, kept under semi-natural conditions with high food availability to examine our hypothesis that increased pre- and postnatal growth will lead to telomere length attrition, but that a high supply of nutrient may provide the possibility to compensate telomere loss via telomere repair mechanisms. As predicted, our data showed a clear negative correlation between birth body mass and initial telomere length: heavier neonates had shorter telomeres at birth, and we did not find an influence of the mother on initial telomere length. Body mass at birth correlated with body mass later in life and postnatal growth rate did not affect telomere length. We observed an increase in telomere length during postnatal development, suggesting that high food availability allowed piglets to invest into both, growth and telomere restoration. The increase in telomere length over the duration of the study was not accompanied by telomerase activity; thus, telomere elongation was caused either by alternative mechanisms or by short pulses of telomerase activity that we missed. Taken together, this study suggests a trade-off between investment into growth and telomere maintenance even before birth and the possibility to compensate telomere attrition during growth under high amounts of available energy.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Spie├čberger Magdalena

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
early life
life history
prenatal growth
somatic maintenance
Sus scrofa
telomere attrition

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