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Selected Publication:

Chassy, AW; Bueschl, C; Lee, H; Lerno, L; Oberholster, A; Barile, D; Schuhmacher, R; Waterhouse, AL; .
(2015): Tracing flavonoid degradation in grapes by MS filtering with stable isotopes.
Food Chem. 2015; 166:448-455 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Anthocyanin degradation has been proposed as one of the primary causes for reduced colour and quality in red wine grapes grown in a warm climate. To study anthocyanin degradation we infused berries with L-phenyl-C-13(6)-alanine and then tracked the fate of the anthocyanins comparing normal (25 degrees C) and warm (45 degrees C) temperature conditions. An untargeted metabolomics approach was aided by filtering the MS data using software algorithms to extract all M and M+6 isotopic peak pairs, allowing the analysis to focus solely on the metabolites of phenylalanine. A paired-comparison t-test was performed over the 8 biological replicates revealing 13 metabolites that were statistically different between 25 degrees C and 45 degrees C treatments. Most of these features had lower abundances in 45 degrees C samples, confirming that 45 degrees C treatment caused anthocyanin degradation. In addition, resveratrol was significantly reduced following heat treatment. However, 5 metabolites increased following the 45 degrees C treatment. These unidentified metabolites are therefore suspects for anthocyanin degradation products. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
B├╝schl Christoph
Schuhmacher Rainer

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Anthocyanin degradation
Metabolomics
Isotope tracer
Phenylpropanoid


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