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Ebrahimi, E; Bodner, G; Kaul, HP; Nassab, ADM.
(2014): Effects of water supply on root traits and biological yield of Durum (Triticum durum Desf.) and Khorasan (Triticum turanicum Jakubz) wheat
PLANT BIOSYST. 2014; 148(5): 1009-1015. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The ability of a plant to change its root characteristics to increase the acquisition of soil water is an important adaptation mechanism to water limitation. In this regard, a field study was carried out in the Pannonian region of eastern Austria with two tetraploid wheat genotypes, i.e. Durum (Triticum durum Desf.) and Khorasan (Triticum turanicum Jakubz), during a comparatively wetter and drier year, i.e. 2008 and 2009, respectively. The genotypes showed significant differences in average root diameter and fine root length. All root traits varied with soil depth. The highest root length density and root biomass were observed with Khorasan wheat in 0-10cm soil depth. Durum wheat showed a stronger response in fine roots to water availability and produced more fine roots in the moist year. Electric root capacitance was higher with Khorasan wheat. Durum showed higher biological yield stability across years with different precipitation with respect to above- and belowground biomass. It produced more leaf area under humid conditions. Khorasan allocated more assimilates to belowground organs in dry conditions, but without positive effect on aboveground biomass.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bodner Gernot
Ebrahimi Mollabashi Elnaz
Kaul Hans-Peter
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
root length density
Khorasan
Durum
Biomass
wheat
fine root


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