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Selected Publication:

Andlar, M; Rezic, T; Mardetko, N; Kracher, D; Ludwig, R; Santek, B.
(2018): Lignocellulose degradation: An overview of fungi and fungal enzymes involved in lignocellulose degradation
ENG LIFE SCI. 2018; 18(11): 768-778. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
This review aims to present current knowledge of the fungi involved in lignocellulose degradation with an overview of the various classes of lignocellulose-acting enzymes engaged in the pretreatment and saccharification step. Fungi have numerous applications and biotechnological potential for various industries including chemicals, fuel, pulp, and paper. The capability of fungi to degrade lignocellulose containing raw materials is due to their highly effective enzymatic system. Along with the hydrolytic enzymes consisting of cellulases and hemicellulases, responsible for polysaccharide degradation, they have a unique nonenzymatic oxidative system which together with ligninolytic enzymes is responsible for lignin modification and degradation. An overview of the enzymes classification is given by the Carbohydrate-Active enZymes (CAZy) database as the major database for the identification of the lignocellulolytic enzymes by their amino acid sequence similarity. Finally, the recently discovered novel class of recalcitrant polysaccharide degraders-lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are presented, because of these enzymes importance in the cellulose degradation process.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Kracher Daniel
Ludwig Roland

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Biological pretreatment
Carbohydrate active enzymes
Fungi and fungal enzymes
Lignocellulose degradation
Plant cell wall


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