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Selected Publication:

Ivanov, AV; Neumann, M; Darman, GF; Danilov, AV; Susloparova, ES; Solovyov, ID; Kravchenko, OM; Smuskina, IN; Bryanin, S.
(2022): Vulnerability of larch forests to forest fires along a latitudinal gradient in eastern Siberia
CAN J FOREST RES. 2022; 52(12): 1543-1552. FullText FullText_BOKU

The predicted increase in frequency and intensity of boreal forest fires is considered a significant source of carbon dioxide emissions and linked with the degradation of permafrost covering more than half of Russia. Here we analyzed the stand structure and growth of East Siberian larch forests in response to fire severity. We measured 23 sites in the southern part of eastern Siberia along a latitudinal transect with a length of more than 1500 km. Live tree volume differed significantly across geographical regions (p < 0.05), decreasing from south to north (76-250 m3middotha-1), with higher values in forests burnt with low severity. Similarly, volume of coarse woody debris decreased from south to north. The volume of dead standing trees, on the other hand, increased from south to north. The distribution of trees by diameter class in some areas showed clear evidence of fires, with small trees being absent to rare in forests burnt at high severity. The impact of severe fires on stand volume was negligible at the southern sites, potentially associated with rapid regeneration of birch. Birch is an important component of larch forests near the southern boundary of the permafrost, which may contribute to larch forests in the southern part of the study transect being less vulnerable to wildfires compared to northern larch forests.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Neumann Mathias

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