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Schafellner, C; Marktl, RC; Schopf, A; .
(2007): Inhibition of juvenile hormone esterase activity in Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae) larvae parasitized by Glyptapanteles liparidis (Hymenoptera, Braconidae).
J Insect Physiol. 2007; 53(8):858-868 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Glyptapanteles liparidis is a gregarious, polydnavirus (PDV)-carrying braconid wasp that parasitizes larval stages of Lymantria dispar. In previous studies we showed that parasitized hosts dramatically increase juvenile hormone (JH) titers, whereas JH degradation is significantly inhibited in the hemolymph. Here we (i) quantified the effects of parasitism on JH esterase (JHE) activity in hemolymph and fat body of penultimate and final instars of L. dispar hosts and (ii) assessed the relative contribution of individual and combined wasp factors (PDV/venom, teratocytes, and wasp larvae) to the inhibition of host JHE activity. The effects of PDV/venom was investigated through the use of gamma-irradiated wasps, which lay non-viable eggs (leading to pseudoparasitization), while the effects of teratocytes and wasp larvae were examined by injection or insertion of these two components in either control or pseudoparasitized L. dispar larvae. Parasitism strongly suppressed host JHE activity in both hemolymph and fat body irrespective of whether the host was parasitized early (premolt-third instar) or late (mid-fourth instar). Down-regulation of JHE activity is primarily due to the injection of PDV/venom at the time of oviposition, with only very small additive effects of teratocytes and wasp larvae under certain experimental conditions. We compare the results with those reported earlier for L. dispar larvae parasitized by G. liparidis and discuss the possible role of JH alterations in host development disruption. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Schafellner Christa
Schopf Axel
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals;Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/antagonists & inhibitors;Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/blood*;Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/metabolism;Down-Regulation;Fat Body/enzymology*;Hemolymph/enzymology*;Host-Parasite Interactions/physiology;Larva/enzymology;Larva/parasitology;Metamorphosis, Biological/physiology;Moths/enzymology;Moths/parasitology*;Polydnaviridae/physiology;Time Factors;Wasp Venoms/pharmacology;Wasps/physiology*;Wasps/virology;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
juvenile hormone metabolism
host parasitoid interaction
Lymantria dispar
polydnavirus
teratocytes


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