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Solt, P; Rossiger, B; Konnerth, J; van Herwijnen, HWG.
(2018): Lignin Phenol Formaldehyde Resoles Using Base-Catalysed Depolymerized Kraft Lignin
POLYMERS-BASEL. 2018; 10(10): FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Lignin phenol formaldehyde (LPF) resols were produced using depolymerized lignin fractions at various levels of phenol substitution (50 to 70 wt %). To produce monomeric-rich (BCD-oil) and oligomeric (BCD-oligomers) bio-based phenolic compounds, softwood kraft lignin was base-catalysed degraded. These base-catalysed depolymerized (BCD) building blocks were further used to substitute phenol in the synthesis of phenolic resins and were characterized in detail (such as viscosity, free formaldehyde and phenol content, chemical composition, curing and bonding behaviour). The adhesive properties were compared to a phenol formaldehyde (PF) reference resin and a LPF with untreated kraft lignin. The resins synthesized with the two depolymerized lignin types differ significantly from each other with increasing phenol substitution. While with LPF-BCD-oligomers the viscosity increases and the bonding strength is not effected by increasing lignin content in the resin, a reduction of these properties could be observed with LPF-BCD-oil. Furthermore, LPF-BCD-oil showed similar curing behaviour and ultimate strength as the reference LPF. Adhesive bonds made using LPF-BCD-oligomers exhibited similar strength to those made using PF. Compared to the reference resins, it has been demonstrated that modified renewable lignin based phenolic components can be an equally performing alternative to phenol even for high degrees of substitution of 70%.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Konnerth Johannes
Solt Pia
Van Herwijnen Hendrikus
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
lignin phenol formaldehyde
kraft lignin
base-catalysed depolymerisation
tensile shear strength


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