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Selected Publication:

Flasch, M; Bueschl, C; Woelflingseder, L; Schwartz-Zimmermann, HE; Adam, G; Schuhmacher, R; Marko, D; Warth, B.
(2020): Stable Isotope-Assisted Metabolomics for Deciphering Xenobiotic Metabolism in Mammalian Cell Culture
ACS CHEM BIOL. 2020; 15(4): 970-981. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Xenobiotics are ubiquitous in the environment and modified in the human body by phase I and II metabolism. Liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry is a powerful tool to investigate these biotransformation products. We present a workflow based on stable isotope-assisted metabolomics and the bioinformatics tool MetExtract H for deciphering xenobiotic metabolites produced by human cells. Its potential was demonstrated by the investigation of the metabolism of deoxynivalenol (DON), an abundant food contaminant, in a liver carcinoma cell line (HepG2) and a model for colon carcinoma (HT29). Detected known metabolites included DON-3-sulfate, DON-10-sulfonate 2, and DON-10-glutathione as well as DON-cysteine. Conjugation with amino acids and an antibiotic was confirmed for the first time. The approach allows the untargeted elucidation of human xenobiotic products in tissue culture. It may be applied to other fields of research including drug metabolism, personalized medicine, exposome research, and systems biology to better understand the relevance of in vitro experiments.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Adam Gerhard
B├╝schl Christoph
Schuhmacher Rainer
Schwartz-Zimmermann Heidi Elisabeth
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