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Pramreiter, M; Stadlmann, A; Huber, C; Konnerth, J; Halbauer, P; Baumann, G; Muller, U.
(2021): The Influence of Thickness on the Tensile Strength of Finnish Birch Veneers under Varying Load Angles
FORESTS. 2021; 12(1), 87 FullText FullText_BOKU

The development of high-performance, veneer-based wood composites is a topic of increasing importance due to the high design flexibility and the comparable mechanical performance to solid wood. Part of this improved mechanical performance can be contributed to the size effect present in wood. Based on previous findings in the literature, this size effect can be either strengthening or weakening. The presented study investigates the influence of thickness and load angle on the tensile strength and tensile stiffness of peeled veneers compared to thin sawn timber. Veneers with thicknesses of 0.5 +/- 0.05 mm, 1.0 +/- 0.05 mm and 1.5 +/- 0.05 mm as well as sawn wood with thicknesses of 1.5 +/- 0.1 mm, 3.0 +/- 0.1 mm and 5.0 +/- 0.1 mm were tested in tension under different load angles (0 degrees, 45 degrees and 90 degrees). The results only partly confirm a size effect for strength parallel to the grain. The strength perpendicular to the grain increased significantly between 0.5 mm and 1.5 mm, with a significant decrease between 1.5 mm and 5.0 mm. The presence of lathe checks diminished the strength perpendicular to the grain of the veneers by about 70% compared to solid wood, partly overshadowing a possible strengthening effect. It was concluded that a transition from a strengthening to a weakening behaviour lies in the range of multiple millimetres, but further investigations are needed to quantify this zone more precisely. The presented results provide a useful basis for the development of veneer-based wood composites with a performance driven layer-thickness.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Halbauer Peter
Huber Christian
Konnerth Johannes
Müller Ulrich
Pramreiter Maximilian
Stadlmann Alexander
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
birch wood
fibre load angle
mechanical performance
size effect

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