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Selected Publication:

Bhan, M; Gingrich, S; Matej, S; Fritz, S; Erb, KH.
(2021): Land Use Increases the Correlation between Tree Cover and Biomass Carbon Stocks in the Global Tropics
LAND-BASEL. 2021; 10(11), 1217 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Tree cover (TC) and biomass carbon stocks (CS) are key parameters for characterizing vegetation and are indispensable for assessing the role of terrestrial ecosystems in the global climate system. Land use, through land cover change and land management, affects both parameters. In this study, we quantify the empirical relationship between TC and CS and demonstrate the impacts of land use by combining spatially explicit estimates of TC and CS in actual and potential vegetation (i.e., in the hypothetical absence of land use) across the global tropics (~23.4 & DEG; N to 23.4 & DEG; S). We find that land use strongly alters both TC and CS, with stronger effects on CS than on TC across tropical biomes, especially in tropical moist forests. In comparison to the TC-CS correlation observed in the potential vegetation (biome-level R based on tropical ecozones = 0.56-0.90), land use strongly increases this correlation (biome-level R based on tropical ecozones = 0.87-0.94) in the actual vegetation. Increased correlations are not only the effects of land cover change. We additionally identify land management impacts in closed forests, which cause CS reductions. Our large-scale assessment of the TC-CS relationship can inform upcoming remote sensing efforts to map ecosystem structure in high spatio-temporal detail and highlights the need for an explicit focus on land management impacts in the tropics.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bhan Manan
Erb Karlheinz
Gingrich Simone
Matej Sarah
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
tree cover
biomass carbon stocks
land use change
tropical ecosystems
ecosystem change


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