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Lesueur, C; Pfeffer, M; Fuerhacker, M.
(2005): Photodegradation of phosphonates in water.
Chemosphere. 2005; 59(5):685-691 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Phosphonates are widely used as chelating agents, e.g., in water cooling systems, in bleaching baths or as scale inhibitors in deflocculation agents. They are considered to be difficult to degrade and produce aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) as a metabolite. As the fate of phosphonates in the environment is not very well known the present work aims at simulating the time dependent photodegradation of four selected phosphonates: nitrilotris-methylenephosphonic acid (NTMP), ethylenediamine-tetra-methylenephosphonic acid (EDTMP), diethylenetriaminepenta-methylenephosphonic acid (DTPMP) and hexaethylenediamine-tetra-methylenephosphonic acid (HDTMP), at concentrations of 1mg/l (i.e. 3.2 μ M NTMP, 2.3 μ M EDTMP, 1.7 μ M DTPMP and 2.0 μ M HDTMP) irradiated by a middle pressure mercury lamp emitting between 190 and 600 nm. The influence of iron under different pH ranges (3, 5-6 and 10) are tested. The degradation of phosphonates is measured by the release of orthophosphates (PO4-P) and aminornethylphosphonic acid (AMPA). This study shows that phosphonates are substances that undergo UV light conversion, which is enhanced in the presence of iron. The half-life without iron is between 15 and 35min at pH 3, between 10 and 35min at pH 5-6 and between 50 and 75min at pH 10. The half-life in the presence of 3.6μ M iron is between 5 and 10min at pH 3, between 5 and 15min at pH 5-6 and between 35 and 60min at pH 10. The individual substances do not significantly influence the reaction rates whereas the presence of iron and the pH have significant effects. The total conversion of phosphonates after 90min is 75-100% for pH values of 3 and 5-6 and 55-75% for a pH of 10 dependent on the presence of iron. In the environment longer degradation times are to be expected since natural light is weaker by a factor between 125 and 300 in the UVB, a factor between 3 and 8 in the UVA and of the same intensity in the visible range than the light in our study. Although orthophosphates are the major products, AMPA is also shown to be a by-product of the photodegradation of phosphonates that is later converted into orthophosphate. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
F├╝rhacker Maria
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Catalysis -
Chelating Agents - analysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration - analysis
Iron - chemistry
Phosphonic Acids - analysis
Photolysis - analysis
Ultraviolet Rays - analysis
Water - chemistry

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
photodegradation
iron
pH
phosphonates
AMPA


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