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Loutfy, N; Fuerhacker, M; Tundo, P; Raccanelli, S; El Dien, AG; Ahmed, MT.
(2006): Dietary intake of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs, due to the consumption of dairy products, fish/seafood and meat from Ismailia city, Egypt.
Sci Total Environ. 2006; 370(1):1-8 FullText FullText_BOKU

Although dietary intake studies have been carried out extensively in most developed countries, to evaluate the health risks of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs, no data of this kind exists for Egypt. In this study, concentrations of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs were measured using HRGC/HRMS in the most contributing foodstuffs (dairy products, fish/seafood, and meat) randomly collected from Ismailia city, Egypt. The dietary intake of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs were subsequently determined, and compared with the most recent studies. To provide a primary estimation of the whole TEQ intake in Egypt if all the main food categories included, an estimation of the dietary intake (based on EU data) for some important and non-measured groups (cereals, vegetables/fruits, eggs and milk) was carried out. The calculated dietary intake based on the WHO assumption of 60 kg bw ranged from 3.69 to 4.0 pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/day for PCDD/Fs and from, 6.04 to 6.68 pg VrHO-TEQ/kg bw/day, if DL-PCBs were included. PCBs intake contributed about 40% of the total TEQ intake. Dairy products (mainly cheese) were the main contributor to the intake of PCDD/Fs (89%), while fish/seafood and meat have more or less the same percent share (5.4%). The dairy products contamination was the reason for our elevated dietary intake, as the content of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs is several times higher than in all the developed countries. The total intake (PCDD/Fs + DL-PCBs) due to consumption of dairy products, fish/seafood and meat, is close to that reported in EU countries at the beginning of 1980s, but much higher than all those mentioned in all the recent reports, and higher than the maximum WHO TDI of 4 pg TEQ/kg bw/day. A recalculation of the dietary intake to include not only our measured data but also the data for the non-measured groups, yielded a total intake in the range of 4.06-6.38 pg TEQ/kg bw/day for PCDD/Fs and a range of 6.59-9.98 pg TEQ/kg bw/day for total including PCBs. Results show that cereals and vegetables/fruits contribute significantly to PCDD/Fs TEQ intake in Egypt and play a more important role than fish/seafood and meat. This is the case even though the intake for cereals and vegetables/fruits based on EU data. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
F├╝rhacker Maria
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Dairy Products - analysis
Diet - analysis
Dioxins - analysis
Egypt - analysis
Environmental Pollutants - analysis
Food Contamination - analysis
Humans - analysis
Meat Products - analysis
Polychlorinated Biphenyls - analysis
Seafood - analysis

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
dioxin-like PCBs
dietary intake
food contamination

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