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Selected Publication:

Salhofer, S; Schneider, F; Obersteiner, G; .
(2007): The ecological relevance of transport in waste disposal systems in Western Europe.
Waste Manag. 2007; 27(8):S47-S57 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
With the development of modern waste management systems in Western Europe, a remarkable increase in the distances for waste transportation has been observed. The question thus arises whether recycling with longer transport distances is ecologically advantageous or whether disposal without recycling is to be preferred. This situation was analysed using selected product and waste streams. This included refrigerators, paper, polyethylene films and expanded polystyrene. For each of these streams, a life cycle analysis was conducted with an emphasis on waste transport. The system boundaries were set in terms of the generation of waste to recycling or land-filling. The comparison included several scenarios with recycling and different transport distances. Landfilling was used as the reference scenario. The results obtained demonstrated how transport distances influence the ecological benefit of recycling. In the case of expanded polystyrene, the ecological boundaries are reached in practical situations, while with other materials these boundaries are far from being attained. In these cases, more complex and elaborate collection schemes, such as kerbside collection, which is economically convenient and shows the highest collection rates, can also be recommended. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Obersteiner Gudrun
Salhofer Stefan Petrus
Schneider Felicitas
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Conservation of Natural Resources*;Ecology;Environmental Pollutants/analysis;Europe;Household Articles;Models, Theoretical;Paper;Polyethylene;Polystyrenes;Refuse Disposal*;Transportation*;



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