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Domig, KJ; Mayer, HK; Kneifel, W.
(2003): Methods used for the isolation, enumeration, characterisation and identification of Enterococcus spp. 2. Pheno- and genotypic criteria
INT J FOOD MICROBIOL. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY; 88: 165-188. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
This paper reviews the methodology applied for the identification and characterisation of enterococci and covers phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenctic techniques. Although conventional phenotypic typing schemes are useful for rapid and simple identification of enterococcal species for routine applications, other methods like standardised sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE), antimicrobial susceptibility testing, serotyping, pyrolysis mass spectrometry (pyMS) and vibrational spectroscopic methods allow a more in-depth characterisation of enterococci. Many of the recently described enterococcal species exhibit deviations from hitherto so-called classical enterococci with regard to their phenotypical properties. Therefore, genotypic methods have to be used to clarify their possible assignment to the genus Enterococcus. In this review, special emphasis is given on recently developed polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based typing methods such as random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), specific and random amplification (SARA) and modifications of PCR-ribotyping as well as pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and partial sequence analysis. The use of PCR and probes for genus and species identification of enterococci is also considered like the application of sequence data of conserved DNA regions (e.g., ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) genes) in the case of species identification. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Domig Konrad
Kneifel Wolfgang
Mayer Helmut
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Enterococcus
fundamental characteristics
phenotyping
genotyping
biochemical typing-biotyping
ribotyping
polyphasic approach
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)
pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)
PCR-based typing methods
SDS-PAGE of whole cell proteins


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