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Hoch, G; Toffolo, EP; Netherer, S; Battisti, A; Schopf, A.
(2009): Survival at low temperature of larvae of the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa from an area of range expansion
AGRIC FOR ENTOMOL. 2009; 11(3): 313-320. FullText FullText_BOKU

1 Larvae of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae) develop throughout the winter, although their feeding activity and survival can be impaired by adverse climatic factors. The present study investigated the survival at low temperature of larvae originating from a population with range expansion in an alpine valley in Northern Italy. 2 The supercooling point of individually analysed larvae averaged at -7 degrees C. This value insufficiently described the cold hardiness of the larvae; 39% of the tested larvae were alive when returned to room temperature immediately after freezing. When larval colonies inside their nest were exposed to -17 degrees C for 1 h after gradual temperature decrease, survival was 70.4%. 3 Rearing of larvae in the laboratory at different day/night temperatures indicated an effect of cumulative chill injury on larvae. A logistic regression explained the relationship between negative thermal sum (h degrees C below 0 degrees C) received in the laboratory experiment and larval survival. A similar relationship was demonstrated between negative thermal sum and survival of larval colonies in the field. 4 In the laboratory experiment, some tested larvae were able to survive for up to 8 weeks without feeding depending on rearing temperature. As expected, feeding occurred only when larvae were reared at temperatures of 9 degrees C day/0 degrees C night. 5 We classify the larvae of T. pityocampa as being moderate freezing tolerant. The winter behaviour allows this species to track climate warming by a rapid expansion into those areas that become compatible with the insect's development.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Hoch Gernot
Netherer Sigrid
Schopf Axel

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Chill injury
cold hardiness
freeze tolerance
larval survival
range expansion
supercooling point

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