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Selected Publication:

Moretti, P; Hatlapatka, T; Marten, D; Lavrentieva, A; Majore, I; Hass, R; Kasper, C.
(2010): Mesenchymal stromal cells derived from human umbilical cord tissues: primitive cells with potential for clinical and tissue engineering applications.
Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol. 2010; 123:29-54 FullText FullText_BOKU

Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) have a high potential for cell-based therapies as well as for tissue engineering applications. Since Friedenstein first isolated stem or precursor cells from the human bone marrow (BM) stroma that were capable of osteogenesis, BM is currently the most common source for MSCs. However, BM presents several disadvantages, namely low frequency of MSCs, high donor-dependent variations in quality, and painful invasive intervention. Thus, tremendous research efforts have been observed during recent years to find alternative sources for MSCs. In this context, the human umbilical cord (UC) has gained more and more attention. Since the UC is discarded after birth, the cells are easily accessible without ethical concerns. This postnatal organ was found to be rich in primitive stromal cells showing typical characteristics of bone-marrow MSCs (BMSCs), e.g., they grow as plastic-adherent cells with a fibroblastic morphology, express a set of typical surface markers, and can be directly differentiated at least along mesodermal lineages. Compared to BM, the UC tissue bears a higher frequency of stromal cells with a higher in vitro expansion potential. Furthermore, immune-privileged and immune-modulatory properties are reported for UC-derived cells, which open highly interesting perspectives for clinical applications.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Almeria Ciarra
Kasper Cornelia
BOKU Gendermonitor:

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