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Nold, P; Hackstein, H; Riedlinger, T; Kasper, C; Neumann, A; Mernberger, M; Fölsch, C; Schmitt, J; Fuchs-Winkelmann, S; Barckhausen, C; Killer, M; Neubauer, A; Brendel, C; .
(2015): Immunosuppressive capabilities of mesenchymal stromal cells are maintained under hypoxic growth conditions and after gamma irradiation.
Cytotherapy. 2015; 17(2):152-162 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Background aims. The discovery of regenerative and immunosuppressive capacities of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) raises hope for patients with tissue-damaging or severe, treatment-refractory autoimmune disorders. We previously presented a method to expand human MSCs in a bioreactor under standardized Good Manufacturing Practice conditions. Now we characterized the impact of critical treatment conditions on MSCs with respect to immunosuppressive capabilities and proliferation. Methods. MSC proliferation and survival after gamma irradiation were determined by 5-carboxyfluorescein diacetate N-succinimidyl ester and annexinV/4 ',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining, respectively. T-cell proliferation assays were used to assess the effect of gamma irradiation, passaging, cryopreservation, post-thaw equilibration time and hypoxia on T-cell suppressive capacities of MSCs. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and (beta-galactosidase staining served as tools to investigate differences between immunosuppressive and non-immunosuppressive MSCs. Results. gamma irradiation of MSCs abrogated their proliferation while vitality and T-cell inhibitory capacity were preserved. Passaging and long cryopreservation time decreased the T-cell suppressive function of MSCs, and postthaw equilibration time of 5 days restored this capability. Hypoxic culture markedly increased MSC proliferation without affecting their T-cell-suppressive capacity and phenotype. Furthermore, T-cell suppressive MSCs showed higher CXCL12 expression and less beta-galactosidase staining than non-suppressive MSCs. Discussion. We demonstrate that gamma irradiation is an effective strategy to abrogate MSC proliferation without impairing the cells' immunosuppressive function. Hypoxia significantly enhanced MSC expansion, allowing for transplantation of MSCs with low passage number. In summary, our optimized MSC expansion protocol successfully addressed the issues of safety and preservation of immunosuppressive MSC function after ex vivo expansion for therapeutic purposes.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Almeria Ciarra
Kasper Cornelia
Neumann Anne
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
bioreactor
cryopreservation
equilibration
hypoxia
immunosuppressive capacities
irradiation
mesenchymal stromal cells
MSC
passaging
senescence


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