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Warth, B; Parich, A; Bueschl, C; Schoefbeck, D; Neumann, NKN; Kluger, B; Schuster, K; Krska, R; Adam, G; Lemmens, M; Schuhmacher, R.
(2015): GC-MS based targeted metabolic profiling identifies changes in the wheat metabolome following deoxynivalenol treatment
METABOLOMICS. 2015; 11(3): 722-738. FullText FullText_BOKU

Fusarium graminearum and related species commonly infest grains causing the devastating plant disease Fusarium head blight (FHB) and the formation of trichothecene mycotoxins. The most relevant toxin is deoxynivalenol (DON), which acts as a virulence factor of the pathogen. FHB is difficult to control and resistance to this disease is a polygenic trait, mainly mediated by the quantitative trait loci (QTL) Fhb1 and Qfhs.ifa-5A. In this study we established a targeted GC-MS based metabolomics workflow comprising a standardized experimental setup for growth, treatment and sampling of wheat ears and subsequent GC-MS analysis followed by data processing and evaluation of QC measures using tailored statistical and bioinformatics tools. This workflow was applied to wheat samples of six genotypes with varying levels of Fusarium resistance, treated with either DON or water, and harvested 0, 12, 24, 48 and 96 h after treatment. The results suggest that the primary carbohydrate metabolism and transport, the citric acid cycle and the primary nitrogen metabolism of wheat are clearly affected by DON treatment. Most importantly significantly elevated levels of amino acids and derived amines were observed. In particular, the concentrations of the three aromatic amino acids phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan increased. No clear QTL specific difference in the response could be observed except a generally faster increase in shikimate pathway intermediates in genotypes containing Fhb1. The overall workflow proved to be feasible and facilitated to obtain a more comprehensive picture on the effect of DON on the central metabolism of wheat.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Adam Gerhard
Büschl Christoph
Kluger Bernhard
Krska Rudolf
Lemmens Marc
Neumann Nora Katharina Nicole
Parich Alexandra
Schöfbeck Denise
Schuhmacher Rainer
Schuster Katharina
Warth Benedikt

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
Plant-pathogen interaction
Deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin)
Fusarium head blight (scab)

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